Facts4COP21: 95% of the world covered by INDCs... Outstanding: 2% countries, 3% bunkers.

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more than 95%

At the start of COP21, 182 countries had announced post-2020 INDCs:155 INDCs, one of which covers 28 EU countries.

Jointly, these 182 countries are responsible for more than 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2010.

So which countries make up the missing 5%?

  • 2% of the remaining 5% are a handful of countries: Angola, Brunei Darussalam, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Libya, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Syrian Arab Republic,Timor-Leste, Tonga, Uzbekistan, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Arguably, some of them (not all) are busy with other pressing issues.
  • 3% of the remaining 5% are international aviation and shipping. Not much of an excuse for these guys.*

* Yes, we know. ICAO and in particular IMO are starting to make baby steps. ICAO's carbon neutral growth pledge is a start, but its starting levels are too high.

Update: During COP21, Angola announced an INDC.